Rhodes - 1/2 Day Filerimos, Kamiros, The ButterflyValley
The excursion includes licensed Guides and deluxe motor coaches and commences with a visit to Filerimos. Here the guests will visit the ruins and foundations of the Temple of Zeus Polieus and a Doric Fountain, dating back to the 4th century BC, of Athena Polias, dating back to the 3rd century. Together with these ancient remains are other Byzantine and medieval structures, such as the church of Our Lady of Filerimos, built by the Knights in the 15th century and the Church of St. George, which has wall-paintings dating back to the 14th and 15th century. The 12 stations of the Crucifixion, with its many steps and scenes from the Passion are very striking.
The excursion continues to the enchanting site of the Valley of the Butterflies. This is a lush green valley, with a little river running through it. The site is beautifully arranged, with little wooden bridges, stone steps and an uphill path which leads to the Monastery of the Virgin of Kalopetra, built in 1784. The Valley of the Butterflies is a unique natural park, where each year, from June to September, thousands of multi colored butterflies appear. They live here, attached to the tree trunks, living from the sap, then lay their eggs and multiply. The characteristic scent of the pine resin, which attracts the butterflies, the coolness from the abundantly flowing waters, makes this a little paradise even in the hot days of midsummer.
The final visit is to the Archaeological site of Kamiros, which was one of the three powerful cities of Rhodes and has been inhabited, according to the findings of archaeological research, since prehistoric times. It reached the height of its prosperity at the same time as the other two Doric cities, Lindos and Ialyssos. Like them, Kamiros began to decline after 408 BC. This site continued to be inhabited up to the early Christian era. It is a necropolis which was abandoned for unknown reasons, since research shows that it did not suffer an enemy attach nor any other form of devastation. During its period of prosperity, Kamiros minted its own coins. On the surrounding hills, ancient burial grounds have been found. In one of the graves was unearthed the famous stele of Crito and Timarista, which is one of the most important exhibits of the Archaeological Museum of Rhodes.
The city of Kamiros was built amphitheatrically, on a hill. On its highest point stood the acropolis, which was unfortified, as was the city itself. Within the precinct of the acropolis stood the temple of Athena Polias(3rd or 2nd century). The remains of the foundations are still visible today. There was also a large cistern of the 6th or 5th century, and a stoa (portico) of the end of the 3rd century, measuring 200 meters in length and lined with two rows of Doric columns.